Prepare for Pregnancy
10 Self Assessment Steps for a Healthy Baby
Recent newspaper articles have again raised the concern about whether taking antidepressants may increase the risk of having a baby with autism. While provocative, and even frightening, these reports help raise awareness of the value of doing a careful self-assessment before you become pregnant. I recommend that you ask yourself these 10 questions before attempting to conceive:
1. Do you take prescribed medications? Find out if a medication is safe during pregnancy by talking to your physician or pharmacist or look it up yourself on this NIH website
2. Are you taking a prenatal multivitamin multi-mineral with folic acid, iron, and iodine? These multis are associated with easier conception, fewer miscarriages, fewer birth defects in your baby, and a reduced risk of autism in your child. And, because multis can contain vastly different ingredients check yours against this recommended list.
3. Are your immunizations up to date? Some contagious illnesses are particularly dangerous to a developing fetus and not all immunizations can be given to pregnant women. Be sure you have a conversation about vaccines with your health care provider.
4. Might you have thyroid disease, vitamin D deficiency, or celiac disease? All three can interfere with fertility. Lab tests detects them, but sometimes a trial off gluten is indicated even when celiac disease is ruled out.
5. How often do you eat fish or sushi? While fish is the best source of omega 3 fatty acids, and critical to both your baby’s developing and preventing post-partum depression, please be sure to avoid those with the highest levels of mercury and PCBs (shark, swordfish, tilefish, and king mackerel)
6. How many sodas or sugar-sweetened beverages do you drink a week? Not only can sugar interfere with your fertility, the BPA in the lining of the cans is an endocrine disruptor. And if you have preferred diet sodas, the newest evidence suggests that your body may react to the artificial sweeteners in unexpected ways. A 2014 study in the journal Nature revealed that diet sodas can alter blood glucose levels which makes it harder to conceive.
7. Do you use iodized salt? Lots of people prefer sea salt or avoid salt altogether. Yet, salt is our best source of iodine, which is important for thyroid function. Better to buy iodized as your “go to” salt.
8. Are you paying attention to your personal care products? The average woman uses twelve a day. Skin Deep, the Good Guide, and Think Dirty have websites and free apps with bar code scanners that make it easy to choose the safest shampoo, conditioner, moisturizer, and other personal products.
9. Do you pay attention to the pesticides in your vegetables and fruits? The Environmental Working Group posts the Dirty Dozen and Clean Fifteen each year to help you select those with the lowest levels of contamination.
10. Do you think before you spray (the lawn, the perimeter of your house for insects, air freshener, and even perfume)? Insecticides, fungicides, and artificial fragrance all contain chemicals that can interfere with normal hormonal functions.
Victoria Maizes MD is the executive director of the University of Arizona Center for Integrative Medicine and a Professor of Medicine and Public Health. She is the author of Be Fruitful: The Essential Guide to Maximizing Fertility and Giving Birth to a Healthy Child. For more information visit her website victoriamaizesmd.com or follow her on twitter @vmaizes.